One of the first written references to the island is found in the Indian epic Ramayana, which provides details of a kingdom named Lanka was ruled by Ravana, the powerful emperor who built a mythical flying machine named Dandu Monara. There are many places still named belongs to the story of Ravana.
Ancient cemeteries that were used before 600BC and other signs of advanced civilization has also been discovered in Sri Lanka. According to the Mahavanshaya (a chronicle written during 277-304 BCE), the original inhabitants of Sri Lanka are the Yaksha and Naga. According to contemporary history, the Gautama Buddha (563 BCE) visited the site after five years of attainingEnlightenment to settle the dispute between two warring Naga kings, Chulodara and Mahodara.